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Surveys Studies, Investigations Demonstrations and Special Purpose Activities Relating to the Clean Air Act

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Purpose of this program:

To support Surveys, Studies, Investigations, Demonstrations and Special Purpose assistance relating to the causes, effects (including health and welfare effects), extent, prevention, and control of air pollution to include such topics as air quality, acid deposition, climate change, global programs, indoor environments, mobile source technology and community-driven approaches to transportation. Funding Priority: (1) Indoor Environments. This activity will support surveys, studies, and/or investigations and demonstrations conducted by concerned, national, non-profit organizations that lead to effective outreach strategies to educate key audiences about indoor air pollutants and their associated health risks, and convince them to adopt effective mitigation and control strategies. Currently, the Program focuses on several critical aspects of indoor air quality that pose significant risks to public health, and in particular, to children and to other disproportionately impacted segments of society. These include: reducing the exposure of children and others with asthma to indoor triggers that worsen their condition; promoting the adoption of operation and maintenance practices in schools throughout the nation to reduce the harmful effects of poor indoor air quality on the health of students and staff; promoting voluntary radon testing by homeowners to identify elevated levels and fix them when they are found, as well as working with homebuilders to incorporate radon resistant construction features into new homes; and encouraging adult smokers to protect their children from the adverse health effects of exposure to secondhand smoke by making a conscious decision to smoke outside and keep their homes smoke free. Funding is estimated at $1,400,000. (2) Air Toxics. State Air Pollution Control Agencies working with the Environmental Protection Agency have been engaged in activities to better characterize hazardous air pollutants. These activities have included the development of the National Air Toxics Assessment program (NATA), the national toxics inventory (NTI) and the development of the Air Toxics Monitoring Program. Both NATA and NTI are primarily based upon emissions data and utilize various computer simulation models to project risks associated with hazardous air pollutants. The Air Toxics Monitoring Program is an pilot project to better characterize ambient concentrations of air toxics compounds. Through various demonstration projects involving different geographical areas, including coastal and inland areas, the purpose of the Air Toxics Monitoring Network is to create essential information necessary to properly site, operate and maintain an adequate monitoring network to ascertain concentrations of hazardous air pollutants. Funding is estimated at $3,000,000. (3) Mobile Source Technologies. Grants will encompass studies and investigations of new automotive engine concepts to improve fuel economy and reduce engine emissions, studies of secondary energy storage systems and support the application of advanced emission control technologies on diesel engine fleets. Also included is research for characterizing emissions from highway vehicles and nonroad equipment, evaluation and demonstration of advanced technologies for NOx and PM control, and analyses of personal exposure to diesel PM and other toxics. Funding is estimated at $1,500,000. (4) Transportation Community-driven Approaches. Grants will encompass 1) community-driven approaches to identify and analyze transportation-related environmental justice issues and develop community-driven processes for identifying and analyzing the impact of transportation operations and policies on population subgroups; 2) partnerships with the trucking and truck stop industry to develop partnership agreements to reduce long-duration truck idling emissions; 3) outreach efforts emphasizing such areas as transportation choices to